A Muslim’s Income & Expenditure

By: Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi
There is nothing wrong with earning and accumulating wealth provided that one abstains from extravagance, haraam and all ways and means un-lawful in Islam. Wealth can and should be used constructively for one's own benefit as wed as for the benefit of others and for rendering service to Deen. There are a variety of Deeni activities which require wealth. Therefore, a man of wealth can obtain great thawaub by earning and employing wealth in accordance with the Shari'ah. Aiding the poor and needy, contributing to Deeni projects such as Masajid, Madrassahs, works of Tableegh, etc. are wonderful channels in which to employ wealth and thereby build up one's capital in the Aakkirah.
Hadhrat Abdullah (RadhiyaUaho anho) narrates that Rasulullah (SAW) said: "The seeking of a halaal earning is the (next) Fardh (duty) after the Fardh (Salat)."—Baihaqqi
Hazrat Abu Saeed (RA) narrates that Rasulullah (SAW) said: 'An honest and upright trader will be with the Ambiya, Siddiqeen and Shuhadoa (on the Day of Qiyaamah)."—Tirmidhi
Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (RA) narrates that Rasulullah (SAW) said: "There was not a Nabi who was not sent as a shepherd." The Ashab asked: "You also tended to sheep?" Rasulullah (SAW) replied: "I tended the goats of the people of Makkah..."—Bukhari
Among the noble ways of earn-ing is farming. Much significance of farming has been mentioned in Ahadith. Hadhrat Anas (RA) narrates that RasuluHah (SAW) said that if any man, animal or bird eats from any tree or farm planted by a Muslim, its owner obtains the thawaab of Sadqah thereby
Ha&at Anas (RA) narrating a lengthy Hadith says that a man from among the Ansaar came to RasuluHah (SAW) and requested something. Rasulullah (SAW) sent someone to bring a mug and a mat from one house. These items RasuluHah (SAW) auctioned among the Ashab. With the money obtained for the items Rasulullah (SAW) bought some food and an axe. Giving these to the Ansaari, Rasulullah (SAW) said: "Go (to the forest), cut wood and see it. This is better for you than begging which will be a blot of disgrace on your face (on the Day of Qiyaamah)."—AbuDawood, Ibn Maajah
Hadhrat Ibn Umar (RA) narrates that Rasulullah (SAW) said: "Allah Ta'ala loves a Mo'min who engages himself in lawful means of earning .
Extravagance or waste is evil. The Shari 'ah prohibits waste. Allah Ta'ala states in the Holy Qur'aan: "Do not waste. Verily, the wasters are the brothers of shaitoan."
Hadhrat Anas Abu Umaamah, Hadhrat Ibn Abbaas (RA) and All (RA) narrate that Rasulullah (SAW) said: "Walk along the middle path."